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J Alzheimers Dis. 2007 Nov;12(3):271-81.

Under-expression of Kalirin-7 Increases iNOS activity in cultured cells and correlates to elevated iNOS activity in Alzheimer's disease hippocampus.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0055, USA.


Recently, it has been reported that Kalirin gene transcripts are under-expressed in AD hippocampal specimens compared to the controls. The Kalirin gene generates a dozen Kalirin isoforms. Kalirin-7 is the predominant protein expressed in the adult brain and plays crucial roles in growth and maintenance of neurons. Yet its role in human diseases is unknown. We report that Kalirin-7 is significantly diminished both at the mRNA and protein levels in the hippocampus specimens from 19 AD patients compared to the specimens from 15 controls. Kalirin-7 associates with iNOS in the hippocampus, and therefore, Kalirin-7 is complexed with iNOS less in AD hippocampus extracts than in control hippocampus extracts. In cultured cells, Kalirin-7 associates with iNOS and down-regulates the enzyme activity. The down-regulation is attributed to the highly conserved 33 amino acid sequence, K(617) -H(649), of the 1,663 amino acids long Kalirin-7. Remarkably, the iNOS activity is considerably higher in the hippocampus specimens from AD patients than the specimens from 15 controls. These observations suggest that the under-expression of Kalirin-7 in AD hippocampus correlates to the elevated iNOS activity.

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