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Mech Ageing Dev. 2008 Jan-Feb;129(1-2):48-59. Epub 2007 Oct 30.

Dyskeratosis Congenita: a historical perspective.

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  • 1Academic Unit of Paediatrics, Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and The London, Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry, The Blizard Building, 4 Newark Street, London E1 2AT, UK.


"Dyskeratosis Congenita (DC) also known as Zinsser-Engman-Cole syndrome is a rare multi-system bone marrow failure syndrome characterised by mucocutaneous abnormalities and an increased predisposition to cancer". This is a common definition of DC but how did this definition arise? The aim of this review is to follow the development of DC and associated diseases from its first reported description in the early 20th century to the current understanding of the genes involved and its pathophysiology in 2007 in a chronological order. Although this review is not intended to be an exhaustive citation of the literature available it does provide a summary of the key developments, citing particularly the earlier reports of each development.

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