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J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007 Dec;20(12):903-8.

Glucose challenge test: screening threshold for gestational diabetes mellitus and associated outcomes.

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  • 1Division of Perinatal Medicine and Genetics, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143-0132, USA.



To examine whether women with an 1-hour 50-g glucose challenge test (GCT) for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) between 120 and 140 mg/dL and >or=140 mg/dL are at risk of perinatal complications.


A retrospective cohort study of women with singleton pregnancies screened for GDM between 1988 and 2001 with a 1-hour 50-g GCT. Values of GCT were stratified into four subgroups: <120, 120-129, 130-139, and >or=140 mg/dL. Perinatal outcomes were compared using the Chi-square test and multivariable logistic regression analysis.


There were 13 901 women meeting the study criteria. Compared to women with a GCT of <120 mg/dL, women with a GCT of 130-139 mg/dL and >or=140 mg/dL were more likely to have preeclampsia and operative vaginal or cesarean deliveries. Neonates born to women with a GCT of 130-139 mg/dL also had higher odds of having a 5-minute Apgar score <7 (odds ratio (OR) = 1.51, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01-2.29), shoulder dystocia (OR = 2.02, 95% CI 1.16-2.55), birth trauma (OR = 1.47, 95% CI 1.06-2.02), and composite morbidity (OR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.03-1.51). Women with a GCT of >or=140 mg/dL had higher odds of macrosomia (OR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.13-1.54) and shoulder dystocia (OR = 1.68, 95% CI 1.11-2.55).


Women with GCT results of 130-139 mg/dL appear to be at increased risk for perinatal morbidity. Thus, utilizing a diagnostic test in women with a GCT above 130 mg/dL should be considered.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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