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Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol. 1991;96(3):199-205.

Isolation of cysteine protease in the crude mite extract, Dermatophagoides farinae.

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  • 1Research Laboratories, Torii & Co., Ltd., Ichikawa, Japan.


In order to study the relationship between cysteine protease and Der f I, which is one of the major allergens in the mite, Dermatophagoides farinae, isolation of cysteine protease was attempted using various column chromatographies. Both the potent cysteine protease activity and the allergenic activity were detected in the same fractions by anion exchange chromatography on a DEAE-Sephacel, gel chromatographies and chelating Sepharose 6B chromatography. In the double immunodiffusion test, the finally isolated fraction and rabbit anti-Der f I sera reacted to give a single precipitation line which fused completely with the precipitation line formed by Der f I and anti-Der f I sera. Sequence analysis for the first 10 N-terminal amino acids from cysteine protease and Der f I were identical. These results strongly suggest that cysteine protease of mites may be Der f I allergen and that measuring cysteine protease activity may possibly become a beneficial method for detecting Der f I allergens.

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