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J Spinal Disord Tech. 2007 Dec;20(8):565-70.

Anterior corpectomy with iliac bone fusion or discectomy with interbody titanium cage fusion for multilevel cervical degenerated disc disease.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN:

Clinical and radiologic study evaluating the outcome after anterior corpectomy with iliac bone fusion compared with discectomy with interbody titanium cage fusion for multilevel cervical degenerated disc disease.

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the safety and effectiveness of interbody titanium cage with plate fixation in multilevel postdiscectomy fusion.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:

The operation for segmental multilevel cervical degenerated disc disease remains controversial. Data on safety and efficacy of titanium cages in multilevel postdiscectomy fusion are rarely available. We investigated the safety and effectiveness of interbody fusion cages with plate fixation and compared the clinical and radiographical results between anterior corpectomy and iliac bone fusion with plate fixation and multilevel discectomy and cage fusion with plate fixation.

METHODS:

Sixty-two patients were treated with either a multilevel discectomy and cage fusion with plate fixation (27 patients, group A) or an anterior corpectomy and iliac graft fusion with plate fixation (35 patients, group B). We evaluated the patients for cervical lordosis, fusion status, and stability 24 months postoperatively on the basis of spine radiographs. The patients' neurologic outcomes were assessed by the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores. Neck pain was graded using a 10-point visual analog scale.

RESULTS:

Both groups A and B demonstrated a significant increase in the JOA scores (preoperatively 11.1+/-2.1 and 10.4+/-3.5, postoperatively 14.3+/-2.4 and 13.9+/-2.1, respectively) and a significant decrease in the visual analog pain scores (preoperatively 8.5+/-1.1 and 8.7+/-1.5, postoperatively 2.9+/-1.8 and 3.0+/-2.0, respectively). However, there was no significant difference between groups A and B. Both groups A and B showed a significant increase in the cervical lordosis after operation and reached satisfactory fusion rates (96.3% and 91.4%, respectively). Three patients (two 2-level corpectomies and one 3-level corpectomy) had construct failures that required a second operation. Eight of 35 patients who underwent iliac bone fusion had donor site pain. The hospital stay in group A was significantly shorter than that in group B (P=0.022).

CONCLUSIONS:

Either a multilevel discectomy and cage fusion with plating or a corpectomy and iliac bone fusion with plating provides good clinical results and similar fusion rates for cervical degenerative disc disease. However, absence of donor site complications and construct failures and shorter hospital stay make the multilevel discectomy and cage fusion with plate fixation better than corpectomy and strut graft fusion with plate fixation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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