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Psychosom Med. 2007 Dec;69(9):860-3.

Epidemiology of the association between somatoform disorders and anxiety and depressive disorders: an update.

Author information

  • 1Epidemiology and Health Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Basel, Missionsstrasse 60-62, 4055 Basel, Switzerland. roselind.lieb@unibas.ch

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the available epidemiological evidence on associations between somatoform disorders with anxiety and depressive disorders.

RESULTS:

Clinical and population-based studies have found that the co-occurrence of some types of somatoform disorders (e.g., somatization disorder, somatic-symptom-index (SSI)4,6, and pain disorder) and anxiety and depressive disorders is common. These findings may suggest either a causal relationship between these disorders or that they share some common etiological factors. For other forms of somatoform disorders, empirical evidence about co-occurrence is even thinner or not available at all, especially from non-western settings.

CONCLUSION:

Some implications of how these findings, or the absence of them, can help us understand better the etiology of somatoform disorders and improve the classification of mental disorders as a whole are discussed.

PMID:
18040095
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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