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Bull World Health Organ. 2007 Nov;85(11):880-5.

Offering integrated care for HIV/AIDS, diabetes and hypertension within chronic disease clinics in Cambodia.

Author information

  • 1Médecins Sans Frontières, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. b.janssens@bigfoot.com

Abstract

PROBLEM:

In Cambodia, care for people with HIV/AIDS (prevalence 1.9%) is expanding, but care for people with type II diabetes (prevalence 5-10%), arterial hypertension and other treatable chronic diseases remains very limited.

APPROACH:

We describe the experience and outcomes of offering integrated care for HIV/AIDS, diabetes and hypertension within the setting of chronic disease clinics.

LOCAL SETTING:

Chronic disease clinics were set up in the provincial referral hospitals of Siem Reap and Takeo, 2 provincial capitals in Cambodia.

RELEVANT CHANGES:

At 24 months of care, 87.7% of all HIV/AIDS patients were alive and in active follow-up. For diabetes patients, this proportion was 71%. Of the HIV/AIDS patients, 9.3% had died and 3% were lost to follow-up, while for diabetes this included 3 (0.1%) deaths and 28.9% lost to follow-up. Of all diabetes patients who stayed more than 3 months in the cohort, 90% were still in follow-up at 24 months.

LESSONS LEARNED:

Over the first three years, the chronic disease clinics have demonstrated the feasibility of integrating care for HIV/AIDS with non-communicable chronic diseases in Cambodia. Adherence support strategies proved to be complementary, resulting in good outcomes. Services were well accepted by patients, and this has had a positive effect on HIV/AIDS-related stigma. This experience shows how care for HIV/AIDS patients can act as an impetus to tackle other common chronic diseases.

PMID:
18038079
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2636263
Free PMC Article

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