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Rev Neurol (Paris). 2007 Oct;163(10):919-29.

[Neurological presentations of lysosomal diseases in adult patients].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1Fédération des maladies du système nerveux et centre de référence national maladies lysosomales à expression neurologique, Hôpital de la Salpêtrière -- Assistance Publique -- Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris. frederic.sedel@psl.aphp.fr

Abstract

Lysosomal diseases represent a large group of genetic storage disorders characterized by a defect in the catabolism of complex molecules within the lysosome. Effective treatments are now possible for some of them given progresses in bone-marrow transplantation, enzyme replacement therapy and substrate reduction therapy. Neurologists and psychiatrists are concerned by these diseases because they can present in adolescence or adulthood with progressive neuropsychiatric signs. Here we focus on late-onset clinical forms which can be met in an adult neurology or psychiatric department. Lysosomal diseases were classified into 3 groups: (1) leukodystrophies (metachromatic leukodystrophy, Krabbe's disease and Salla's disease); (2) Neurodegenerative or psychiatric-like diseases (GM1 and GM2 gangliosidoses, Niemann Pick type C disease, sialidosis type I, ceroid-lipofuscinosis, mucopolysaccharidosis type III); (3) multisystemic diseases (Gaucher's disease, Fabry's disease, alpha and B mannosidosis, Niemann Pick disease type B, fucosidosis, Schindler/Kanzaki disease, and mucopolysaccharidosis type I and II. We propose a diagnostic approach guided by clinical examination, brain MRI, electrodiagnostic studies and abdominal echography.

PMID:
18033028
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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