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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Dec;189(6):1326-32.

Comparison of 3D free-breathing coronary MR angiography and 64-MDCT angiography for detection of coronary stenosis in patients with high calcium scores.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, Northwestern University, 448 E Ontario St., Ste. 700, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of our study was to compare the diagnostic performance of coronary MR angiography (MRA) and 64-MDCT angiography (MDCTA) for the detection of significant stenosis (> or = 50%) in patients with high calcium scores.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Eighteen patients (12 men, six women; mean age, 56 y; age range, 38-77 y) who had at least one calcified plaque with a calcium score of > 100 underwent coronary MRA and conventional coronary angiography (CAG) within 2 weeks of MDCTA. Coronary MRA image quality of the calcified segments was assessed by two observers in consensus on a 4-point scale (1 = not visible, 2 = poor, 3 = good, 4 = excellent) using a 10-segment model from the modified American Heart Association classification. Three experienced radiologists, unaware of the results of conventional CAG, independently assessed for the presence of significant stenosis on MDCTA images and the corresponding MRA images. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were calculated for each reader using conventional CAG as the gold standard.

RESULTS:

Thirty-three calcified plaques with a calcium score of > 100 were detected on MDCTA in the 18 patients. The coronary segments with nodal calcification (n = 17) showed a higher mean image quality score than the segments with diffuse calcification (n = 16) (3.47 +/- 0.62 vs 2.94 +/- 0.77, respectively; p < 0.05). Of the 33 coronary segments with calcification, 12 significant stenoses were identified on conventional CAG. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the ROC curve (AUC) for MRA and MDCTA, respectively, were as follows: reader 1, 75%, 81%, 0.82 versus 75%, 48%, 0.68; reader 2, 83%, 71%, 0.82 versus 67%, 52%, 0.63; and reader 3, 83%, 71%, 0.85 versus 83%, 43%, 0.65, respectively. The average AUC of MRA for the three readers was significantly higher than that of MDCTA (p = 0.030).

CONCLUSION:

Coronary MRA has higher image quality for coronary segments with nodal calcification than for coronary segments with diffuse calcification. Coronary MRA has better diagnostic performance than coronary MDCTA for the detection of significant stenosis in patients with high calcium scores.

Comment in

PMID:
18029867
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC4089960
Free PMC Article

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