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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Feb;93(2):534-8. Epub 2007 Nov 20.

Lack of dehydroepiandrosterone effect on a combined endurance and resistance exercise program in postmenopausal women.

Author information

  • 1Division of Endocrinology, Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Joseph 5-194, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Recent studies disputed the widely promoted anti-aging effect of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation; however, conflicting data exist on whether physiological DHEA supplementation enhances exercise training effects on body composition, physical performance, and cardiometabolic risk in healthy postmenopausal women.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to determine whether 12 wk of DHEA supplementation (50 mg/d) in postmenopausal women enhances exercise-related changes in body composition, physical performance, and cardiometabolic risk.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

This study was a 12-wk randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and took place at the Mayo Clinic General Clinical Research Center (Rochester, MN).

PARTICIPANTS:

Thirty-one sedentary, postmenopausal, Caucasian women (mean +/- sem age 64.6 +/- 1.0 yr) completed the study.

INTERVENTION:

Participants were randomized to one of two 12-wk interventions: 1) exercise training plus 50 mg/d of DHEA (n = 17), or 2) exercise training plus placebo (n = 14). The exercise intervention consisted of both endurance (4 d/wk) and resistance (3 d/wk) exercise components.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The main outcomes were measures of body composition, physical performance, and measures of cardiometabolic risk.

RESULTS:

DHEA treatment with exercise resulted in increases in circulating sulfated DHEA (650%), total testosterone (100%), estradiol (165%), estrone (85%), and IGF-I (30%) (all P < or = 0.05, for all within and between treatment comparisons). Although exercise training alone significantly improved physical performance, body composition, and insulin sensitivity, administration of DHEA provided no additional benefits.

CONCLUSIONS:

Twelve weeks of combined endurance and resistance training significantly improved body composition, physical performance, insulin sensitivity, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol particle number and size, whereas DHEA had no additional benefits.

PMID:
18029465
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2729150
Free PMC Article
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