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Eur J Haematol. 2008 Jan;80(1):81-6. Epub 2007 Nov 19.

Synchronous FIP1L1-PDGFRA-positive chronic eosinophilic leukemia and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma: a bilineal clonal malignancy.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Universit√© Paris 13, Paris, France. mat_cap@caramail.com


Several reports of successful empirical treatment of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome with imatinib led to the recent identification of the FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion gene rearrangement, which characterizes a distinctive group of chronic eosinophilic leukemias. This fusion gene can be detected in eosinophils, neutrophils, mast cells, T cells, B cells and monocytes in FIP1L1-PDGFRA-positive hypereosinophilic patients suggesting a multilineage involvement. Furthermore, the same FIP1L1-PDGFRA rearrangement was identified in patients with hypereosinophilia and atypical mast cell proliferations, raising the question of a disease with two concomitant lines of differentiation. In addition, a recent report noted two cases with the association of FIP1L1-PDGFRA-positive chronic eosinophilic leukemia and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL). We report here the only third case of synchronous chronic eosinophilic leukemia and T-LBL, both associated with a FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion transcript, confirming the occurrence of such disease and suggesting a clonal proliferation with two lines of differentiation probably arising from a primitive multipotent medullary stem cell.

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