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Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2008 Oct;111(3):497-504. Epub 2007 Nov 18.

MDM2 SNP309 accelerates breast and ovarian carcinogenesis in BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers of Jewish-Ashkenazi descent.

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  • 1Laboratory of Genomic Applications, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, 52621, Israel.

Abstract

A functional single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter of the MDM2 gene, SNP309 (T>G), was recently found to accelerate tumorigenesis in early onset cancer cases. The SNP309 G-allele, introduces an SP1 site in the MDM2 promoter, resulting in enhanced MDM2 expression and activity. Thus, the G-allele of MDM2 SNP309 may represent a cancer predisposing allele. In this report, we assessed the role of SNP309 as a modifier of mutant BRCA1/BRCA2 alleles in inherited breast and ovarian cancer cases among Ashkenazi-Jewish (AJ) women. We genotyped several subsets of AJ women: 138 healthy women, 140 affected BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, 120 asymptomatic BRCA1/2 mutation carriers and 187 sporadic breast cancer patients. The frequency of GG genotype of SNP309 was similar among the different groups. Interestingly, we found almost three times higher frequency of the GG genotype among BRCA1/2 carriers diagnosed with breast and/or ovarian cancer at or under the age of 51 years compared with carriers diagnosed with cancer above the age of 51 years (allele frequency, P = 0.019). The GG genotype was significantly associated with breast and ovarian cancer risk among BRCA1/2 carriers diagnosed before 51 years of age (OR, 3.93; 95% CI, 1.41-10.90, P = 0.009). No significant difference in frequency of the GG genotype was observed between early and late onset non-carrier cancer patients and no association with risk, OR, 1.30; 95% CI 0.69-2.47, P = 0.419). These data suggest that MDM2 SNP309 acts as a modifier of mutant BRCA1/2 mutant alleles in AJ and may accelerate breast and ovarian carcinogenesis in genetically predisposed individuals.

PMID:
18026875
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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