Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nat Immunol. 2007 Dec;8(12):1295-301.

Finding a way out: lymphocyte egress from lymphoid organs.

Author information

  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA. schwab@saturn.med.nyu.edu

Abstract

The egress of lymphocytes from the thymus and secondary lymphoid organs into circulatory fluids is essential for normal immune function. The discovery that a small-molecule inhibitor of lymphocyte exit, FTY720, is a ligand for sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptors led to studies demonstrating that S1P receptor type 1 (S1P1) is needed in T cells and B cells for their egress from lymphoid organs. S1P exists in higher concentrations in blood and lymph than in lymphoid organs, and this differential is also required for lymphocyte exit. Transcriptional and post-translational mechanisms regulate S1P1 and thus the egress of lymphocytes. In this review we discuss the body of evidence supporting a model in which lymphocyte egress is promoted by encounter with S1P at exit sites. We relate this model to work examining the effects of S1P receptor agonists on endothelium.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk