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Pediatr Neurol. 2007 Dec;37(6):411-6.

Bone mineral density in angelman syndrome.

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  • 1Clinic of Child Neuropsychiatry, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.


Our aim was to evaluate bone mineral densitometry in patients with Angelman syndrome with or without antiepileptic therapy. Eighteen patients (9 females, 9 males), aged 4.0-24.3 years (mean age, 10.1 years), and two control groups consisting of 18 epileptic and 24 healthy patients, underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar spine (L(1)-L(4)), and z score was evaluated for each patient; the t score was considered for patients aged > or = 18 years. Abnormal bone mineral density was present in 8/18 (44.5%) of patients with Angelman syndrome, in 7/18 (38.9%) of the epileptic group, and in none of the healthy controls. Furthermore, a significant difference regarding mean age of patients (6 versus 15 years, P = 0.008, by Fisher exact test), and mean length of drug treatment (3.5 versus 11.1 years, P = 0.005 by Fisher exact test), appeared in the group with Angelman syndrome. Most of these patients (94.4%) were receiving antiepileptic drugs, mainly valproic acid, for many years. In conclusion, our study revealed osteopenia in almost half the children and young patients with Angelman syndrome. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry should be performed in all patients with Angelman syndrome, particularly if they are treated with antiepileptic drugs.

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