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Am J Health Promot. 2007 Nov-Dec;22(2):83-92.

Exercise and self-esteem in menopausal women: a randomized controlled trial involving walking and yoga.

Author information

  • 1Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, 268-B Recreation Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA. sxe16@psu.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To examine the effects of walking and yoga on multidimensional self-esteem and roles played by self-efficacy, body composition, and physical activity (PA) in changes in esteem.

DESIGN:

Four-month randomized controlled exercise trial with three arms: walking, yoga, and control.

SUBJECTS:

Previously low-active middle-aged women (n=164; M age = 49.9; SD = 3.6).

INTERVENTION:

Structured and supervised walking program meeting three times per week for I hour and supervised yoga program meeting twice per week for 90 minutes.

MEASURES:

Body composition, fitness assessment, and battery of psychologic measures.

ANALYSIS:

Panel analysis within a structural equation modeling framework using Mplus 3.0.

RESULTS:

The walking and yoga interventions failed to enhance global or physical self-esteem but improved subdomain esteem relative to physical condition and strength (for walking) and body attractiveness (for both walking and yoga). Over time the effects of PA, self-efficacy, and body fat on changes in physical self-esteem and global esteem were mediated by changes in physical condition and body attractiveness subdomain esteem. Women reporting greater levels of self-efficacy and PA with lower body fat also reported greater enhancements in subdomain esteem.

CONCLUSION:

These results provide support for the hierarchic and multidimensional nature of self-esteem and indicate that middle-aged women may enhance certain aspects of physical self-esteem by participating in PA.

PMID:
18019884
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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