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J Chromatogr Sci. 2007 Sep;45(8):486-91.

Determination of ultra trace levels of 1,2-dichloroethane in air by sample enrichment micromachined gas chromatography-differential mobility detection.

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  • 1Dow Chemical Canada, P.O. BAG 16, Highway 15, Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta, Canada.


A novel analytical procedure has been developed for the analysis of ultra trace levels of 1,2-dichloroethane (EDC) in air using sample enrichment in combination with micromachined gas chromatography (GC) and differential mobility detection (DMD). When compared to other contemporary GC techniques, such as GC-flame ionization detection, GC-electron capture detection, or GC-electrolytic conductivity detection, the employment of a DMD in combination with a preconcentrator provided better sensitivity and markedly improved selectivity. The increase in sensitivity reduces false-negative results, while the improvement in selectivity decreases the potential for false-positive results. Using the technique described, a complete analysis can be conducted in less than 10 min, with a detection limit of 0.7 ppb (v/v) of EDC and a short term precision of less than 6%. A correlation coefficient of 0.9988 was obtained over an EDC concentration range from 0.7 ppb to 36.4 ppb (v/v). The analytical system also has an on-board microTCD in series with the DMD, allowing both detector outputs to be monitored simultaneously. With the pre-concentration technique, the microTCD can detect EDC as low as 15 ppb (v/v) with a substantially enhanced linear dynamic range in addition to providing a confirmation means for the presence of EDC at the level cited.

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