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Eur Urol. 2008 Mar;53(3):599-604. Epub 2007 Nov 5.

Three-year outcome following holmium laser enucleation of the prostate combined with mechanical morcellation in 330 consecutive patients.

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  • 1Urology Unit, Humanitas-Gavazzeni Hospital, Bergamo, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

A prospective study to assess safety, efficacy, and medium-term durability of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) combined with mechanical morcellation for the treatment of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) due to benign prostate enlargement (BPE).

METHODS:

Between January 2000 and July 2003, 330 consecutive patients underwent HoLEP at our institution. All patients were pre-operatively assessed with transrectal ultrasound gland volume evaluation, maximum urinary flow rate (Q(max)), international prostate symptoms score (IPSS), and the single-question quality of life (QoL). Intra-, peri-, and postoperative parameters were evaluated and the patients were reassessed at 1-, 3-, 6-, 12-, 18-, 24-, and 36-mo follow-up with the same examinations.

RESULTS:

Patients' mean age was 66+/-8.1 yr; prostate volume was 62+/-34 cc. Enucleation time was 45.4+/-22.9 min and morcellation time 17.3+/-14 min, whilst resected weight was 40+/-27.5 g. Catheter time was 23+/-14.7h and hospital stay was 48+/-26 h. Mean serum hemoglobin and sodium did not drop significantly from baseline after the procedure (p=013). A significant improvement occurred in Q(max) (25.1+/-10.7 ml/s), IPSS (0.7+/-1.3), and QoL (0.2+/-0.5) at the 3-yr follow-up compared with baseline (p<0.05). Twenty-eight percent of patients complained of irritative urinary symptoms, typically self-limiting after 3 mo; transient stress incontinence was reported in 7.3% of patients. Nine patients (2.7%) had persistent BOO, requiring reoperation.

CONCLUSIONS:

HoLEP represents an effective and safe surgical intervention. The relief from BOO also proved to be durable after 3-yr follow-up. The present report adds to the evidence that HoLEP could be the standard "size-independent" surgical treatment for symptomatic BPE-related BOO.

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PMID:
17997021
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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