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Neuron. 2007 Nov 8;56(3):456-71.

Activity-induced protocadherin arcadlin regulates dendritic spine number by triggering N-cadherin endocytosis via TAO2beta and p38 MAP kinases.

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  • 1Department of Neuropharmacology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute for Neuroscience, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8526, Japan.

Abstract

Synaptic activity induces changes in the number of dendritic spines. Here, we report a pathway of regulated endocytosis triggered by arcadlin, a protocadherin induced by electroconvulsive and other excitatory stimuli in hippocampal neurons. The homophilic binding of extracellular arcadlin domains activates TAO2beta, a splice variant of the thousand and one amino acid protein kinase 2, cloned here by virtue of its binding to the arcadlin intracellular domain. TAO2beta is a MAPKKK that activates the MEK3 MAPKK, which phosphorylates the p38 MAPK. Activation of p38 feeds-back on TAO2beta, phosphorylating a key serine required for triggering endocytosis of N-cadherin at the synapse. Arcadlin knockout increases the number of dendritic spines, and the phenotype is rescued by siRNA knockdown of N-cadherin. This pathway of regulated endocytosis of N-cadherin via protocadherin/TAO2beta/MEK3/p38 provides a molecular mechanism for transducing neuronal activity into changes in synaptic morphologies.

PMID:
17988630
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2424284
Free PMC Article
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