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Traffic. 2008 Jan;9(1):121-32. Epub 2007 Nov 27.

AP-1 membrane-cytoplasm recycling regulated by mu1A-adaptin.

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  • 1Center for Biochemistry and Moleculare Cell Biology, Georg-August-University Göttingen, Biochemie II, Heinrich-Düker-Weg 12, D-37073 Göttingen, Germany.


The adaptor protein complex AP-1 mediates vesicular protein sorting between the trans Golgi network and endosomes. AP-1 recycles between membranes and the cytoplasm together with clathrin during transport vesicle formation and vesicle uncoating. AP-1 recycles independent of clathrin, indicating binding to unproductive membrane domains and premature termination of vesicle budding. Membrane recruitment requires ADP ribosylation factor-1-GTP, a transmembrane protein containing an AP-1-binding motif and phosphatidyl-inositol phosphate (PI-4-P). Little is known about the regulation of AP-1 membrane-cytoplasm recycling. We identified the N-terminal domain of micro1A-adaptin as being involved in the regulation of AP-1 membrane-cytoplasm recycling by constructing chimeras of micro1A and its homologue micro2. The AP-1* complex containing this mu2-micro1A chimera had slowed down recycling kinetics, resulting in missorting of mannose 6-phosphate receptors. The N-terminal domain is only accessible from the cytoplasmic AP-1 surface. None of the proteins known to influence AP-1 membrane recycling bound to this micro1A domain, indicating the regulation of AP-1 membrane-cytoplasm recycling by an yet unidentified cytoplasmic protein.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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