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Anal Chim Acta. 2007 Nov 26;604(1):81-7. Epub 2007 Aug 6.

Isolation and identification of inulooligosaccharides resulting from inulin hydrolysis.

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  • 1Department of Food Technology, Gembloux Agricultural University, Passage des Déportés 2, B-5030 Gembloux, Belgium. ronkart.s@fsagx.ac.be


In this study, inulooligosaccharides (F(n)-type inulin) resulting from the endo-inulinase hydrolysis of globe artichoke inulin were purified and characterized. The aim was to produce F(n) oligomer standards with the intention of identifying them in the complex inulin chromatogram. Inulin was extracted from globe artichoke and presented a high average degree of polymerization (DP) of about 80 as determined by high-performance anion exchange chromatography coupled with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD). This inulin was hydrolyzed by a commercial endo-inulinase yielding a product with a very high F(n)/GF(n) molecule ratio, thus limiting the interference of GF(n) during the purification process. High-performance size exclusion chromatography was used to individually isolate and collect each retention peak corresponding to a specific oligomer. The purity of these fractions was checked by HPAEC-PAD and showed that relatively pure molecules were produced. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry allowed the molecular weight determination of these purified oligomers and ascertained their DP as F2, F3 and F4. These F(2-4) standards were used with glucose, fructose, sucrose and GF(2-4) (commercially available) to spike commercial oligofructose products in order to determine the elution profile in the HPAEC-PAD chromatogram.

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