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Fertil Steril. 2008 Aug;90(2):289-96. Epub 2007 Nov 5.

Cognitive development of singletons born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection compared with in vitro fertilization and natural conception.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Neonatal Center, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate cognitive development of singletons conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) at 5-8 years of age.

DESIGN:

Follow-up study.

SETTING:

University medical center, assessments between March 2004 and May 2005.

PATIENT(S):

Singletons born between June 1996 and December 1999 after ICSI at the Leiden University Medical Center were compared with matched singletons born after IVF and natural conception (NC).

INTERVENTION(S):

Mode of conception.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Intelligence quotient (IQ) was measured with the Revised Amsterdam Child Intelligence Test (short form). The investigators were blinded to conception mode.

RESULT(S):

Singletons conceived by ICSI (n = 83) achieved lower IQ scores than IVF singletons (n = 83) (adjusted mean difference IQ: 3.6 [95% confidence interval (CI) -0.8, 8.0]). After categorizing IQ outcomes (<85, 85-115, >115), no significant difference in the distribution of IQ was found. Singletons conceived by ICSI (n = 86) achieved lower IQ scores than NC singletons (n = 85); the adjusted mean difference varied between 5 and 7 points (5.6 [95% CI 0.9, 10.3]; 7.1 [95% CI 1.7, 12.5]) depending on the covariates included in the model. Adjustment for prematurity did not change the results. Percentages in IQ categories <85, 85-115, and >115 were 12%, 64%, and 24% for ICSI and 6%, 54%, and 40% for NC, respectively.

CONCLUSION(S):

In the relatively limited sample investigated, cognitive development among ICSI singletons was lower than among IVF and NC singletons. Infertility factors or unmeasured confounders may play a role.

PMID:
17980875
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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