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Immunology. 2008 Jan;123(1):90-9. Epub 2007 Oct 25.

Blockade of endogenous B7-H1 suppresses antibacterial protection after primary Listeria monocytogenes infection.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, and Bio-Marker Research Center for Personalized Therapy, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Republic of Korea.


B7-H1 (also known as CD274 and PD-L1) is a cosignalling molecule regulating T-cell immunity positively or negatively in vivo. However, little is known about the role of endogenous B7-H1 in bacterial infection. We found that B7-H1 expression was up-regulated in various cell populations including CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, natural killer (NK) cells and macrophages following Listeria monocytogenes infection. Administration of the antagonistic B7-H1 monoclonal antibody resulted in a significant increase in mortality in mice infected with a lethal dose of L. monocytogenes compared with mice given the control immunoglobulin. In vivo blockade of B7-H1 greatly inhibited the production of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and nitric oxide, key effector molecules responsible for intracellular killing by macrophages. B7-H1 blockade also suppressed the expression of granzyme B and interferon (IFN)-gamma by NK cells. Interestingly, blocking of endogenous B7-H1 selectively inhibited CD8+ T cells rather than CD4+ T cells in response to L. monocytogenes infection, as evidenced by the reduction of IFN-gamma production and the expression of effector surface markers including CD62L(int/low) and CD44(high) in CD8+ T cells from mice given anti-B7-H1 monoclonal antibody. In addition, we found that the proliferation of listeriolysin-O (LLO)-specific and IFN-gamma-producing L. monocytogenes-reactive CD8+ T cells was significantly decreased not only in the effector phase but also in the memory phase in the presence of anti-B7-H1 antibody. Our findings thus suggest that endogenous B7-H1 can provide positive costimulatory signals for innate and adaptive immunity leading to protection against intracellular bacterial infection.

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