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J Clin Invest. 2007 Nov;117(11):3507-18.

Histamine receptor H1 is required for TCR-mediated p38 MAPK activation and optimal IFN-gamma production in mice.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA.


Histamine receptor H1 (H1R) is a susceptibility gene in both experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and experimental autoimmune orchitis (EAO), 2 classical T cell-mediated models of organ-specific autoimmune disease. Here we showed that expression of H1R in naive CD4+ T cells was required for maximal IFN-gamma production but was dispensable for proliferation. Moreover, H1R signaling at the time of TCR ligation was required for activation of p38 MAPK, a known regulator of IFN-gamma expression. Importantly, selective reexpression of H1R in CD4+ T cells fully complemented both the IFN-gamma production and the EAE susceptibility of H1R-deficient mice. These data suggest that the presence of H1R in CD4+ T cells and its interaction with histamine regulates early TCR signals that lead to Th1 differentiation and autoimmune disease.

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