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Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Sep;46(3):242-7.

Low maternal serum levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A during the first trimester are associated with subsequent preterm delivery with preterm premature rupture of membranes.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.



To assess the relationship between the first-trimester maternal serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels and pregnancies complicated by preterm delivery.


The correlation between PAPP-A levels and gestational age at delivery was analyzed by linear regression. The probabilities of low PAPP-A multiples of the median (MoM) levels between preterm delivery and control population were analyzed by logit model.


A positive correlation was noted between the first-trimester PAPP-A MoM levels and gestational age at delivery between 34-38 weeks (p < 0.001). Lower PAPP-A MoM level had a significantly higher likelihood of preterm delivery (p < 0.05). When preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and preterm labor (PTL) were analyzed separately, there was an increasing likelihood of PPROM with decreasing PAPP-A MoM levels (p < 0.05), but not for PTL with intact membranes.


Low maternal serum PAPP-A levels during the first trimester may reflect a trophoblast invasion defect in the maternal-fetal interface, resulting in subsequent preterm delivery, particularly in those of PPROM.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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