Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neurosurg Focus. 2007;23(1):E13.

The fate of medical knowledge and the neurosciences during the time of Genghis Khan and the Mongolian Empire.

Author information

  • 1Division of Neurological Surgery, Neurosurgery Research, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.


In 25 years, the Mongolian army of Genghis Khan conquered more of the known world than the Roman Empire accomplished in 400 years of conquest. The recent revised view is that Genghis Khan and his descendants brought about "pax Mongolica" by securing trade routes across Eurasia. After the initial shock of destruction by an unknown barbaric tribe, almost every country conquered by the Mongols was transformed by a rise in cultural communication, expanded trade, and advances in civilization. Medicine, including techniques related to surgery and neurological surgery, became one of the many areas of life and culture that the Mongolian Empire influenced.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk