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Cell Commun Adhes. 2007 Oct;14(4):111-23.

Ischemia-induced cleavage of cadherins in NRK cells is not sufficient for beta-catenin transcriptional activity.

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  • 1Department of Systems Biology and Translational Medicine, College of Medicine, Texas A&M University System Health Science Center, Texas, USA.

Abstract

Although ischemia is associated with disruption of cadherin-mediated adhesion in renal cell lines, the impact of decreased cadherin function on the transcriptional activity of beta-catenin remains poorly defined. In these studies, we used a simulated ischemia model in normal rat kidney (NRK) cells to disrupt cadherin function. Cell viability; cadherin/catenin expression, function, and localization; and beta-catenin-mediated transcriptional activity were assessed during ischemia/reperfusion. Following 6 hr of ischemia, a decrease in the expression of E- and N-cadherin was seen that correlated with altered cell morphology indicative of decreased intercellular adhesion. While ischemia was associated with activation of glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3beta), this did not correlate with increased phosphorylation of beta-catenin as assessed by Western blots using phosphoryl-specific antibodies. beta-Catenin was not localized to the nucleus by immunofluorescence in ischemic NRK cells, but rather a strong perinuclear signal was seen in reperfused cells. This was consistent with the finding that neither ischemia nor reperfusion activated the transcriptional activity of beta-catenin as assessed by the TCF-optimal promoter (TOPFlash) construct. However, NRK cells possess a competent Wnt pathway, as challenge with lithium chloride elicited a ten-fold increase in luciferase activity. These results suggest that ischemia-induced disruption of cadherin/catenin complexes is not sufficient to stimulate beta-catenin transcriptional activity in NRK cells.

PMID:
17957528
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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