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Eur Heart J. 2008 May;29(10):1259-66. Epub 2007 Oct 23.

The Danish multicentre randomized study of fibrinolytic therapy vs. primary angioplasty in acute myocardial infarction (the DANAMI-2 trial): outcome after 3 years follow-up.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The DANAMI-2 trial showed that in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), a strategy of inter-hospital transfer for primary angioplasty was superior to on-site fibrinolysis at 30 days follow-up. This paper reports on the pre-specified long-term composite endpoint at 3 years follow-up in DANAMI-2.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We randomized 1572 patients with STEMI to primary angioplasty or intravenous alteplase; 1129 patients were enrolled at 24 referral hospitals and 443 patients at 5 angioplasty centres. Ninety-six percent of inter-hospital transfers for angioplasty were completed within 2 h. No patients were lost to follow-up. The composite endpoint (death, clinical re-infarction, or disabling stroke) was reduced by angioplasty when compared with fibrinolysis at 3 years (19.6 vs. 25.2%, P =0.006). For patients transferred to angioplasty compared with those receiving on-site fibrinolysis, the composite endpoint occurred in 20.1 vs. 26.7% (P = 0.007), death in 13.6 vs. 16.4% (P = 0.18), clinical re-infarction in 8.9 vs. 12.3% (P = 0.05), and disabling stroke in 3.2 vs. 4.7% (P = 0.23).

CONCLUSION:

The benefit of transfer for primary angioplasty based on the composite endpoint was sustained after 3 years. For patients with characteristics as those in DANAMI-2, primary angioplasty should be the preferred treatment strategy when inter-hospital transfer can be completed within 2 h.

PMID:
17956874
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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