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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Nov;189(5):1031-6.

Diffusion-weighted imaging in the differential diagnosis of simple and hydatid cysts of the liver.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of Kocaeli, Kocaeli, Turkey. inannagihan@ekolay.net

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of our study was to evaluate the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the differential diagnosis of simple and hydatid cysts of the liver, particularly in the completely liquid type of hydatid cyst.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Eighty-two cysts (43 simple cysts, 39 hydatid cysts) were included in this prospective study. DWI was performed using a breath-hold single-shot echo-planar spin-echo sequence, and apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) were calculated. On DW trace images, the signal intensity of cysts was visually compared with the signal intensity of the liver using a 3-point scale: 0, isointense; 1, moderately hyperintense; and 2, significantly hyperintense. Quantitatively, signal intensity of the cysts, cyst-to-liver signal intensity ratios, ADC of the cysts, and cyst-to-liver ADC ratios were compared between the groups. The statistical significance was determined using the Mann-Whitney U test.

RESULTS:

On trace DWI (b = 1,000 s/mm2), most hydatid cysts (37/39, 95%) were hyperintense, whereas most simple cysts (40/43, 93%) were isointense with the liver. Three simple cysts (7%) were moderately hyperintense and two hydatid cysts (5%) were isointense. Quantitatively, both the signal intensity and cyst-to-liver signal intensity ratio of the hydatid cysts were significantly higher than those for simple cysts (p < 0.001). The cutoff value at 1.5 yielded a sensitivity of 77%, a specificity of 86%, and positive predictive value of 83% for the cyst-to-liver signal intensity ratio. The ADC and cyst-to-liver ADC ratio of the hydatid cysts were significantly lower than those of simple cysts (p < 0.005). For the completely liquid type in particular, we observed statistically significant differences in signal intensity, signal intensity ratio, ADC, and ADC ratios from those of simple cysts (p < 0.005). With a cutoff value of 1.5, signal intensity ratio had a sensitivity of 81%, specificity of 86%, and positive predictive value of 74%.

CONCLUSION:

DWI may help in the differential diagnosis of hydatid and simple cysts of the liver.

PMID:
17954636
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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