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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Oct 30;104(44):17317-22. Epub 2007 Oct 19.

GTPase acceleration as the rate-limiting step in Arabidopsis G protein-coupled sugar signaling.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center and Neuroscience Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7365, USA.


Heterotrimeric G protein signaling is important for cell-proliferative and glucose-sensing signal transduction pathways in the model plant organism Arabidopsis thaliana. AtRGS1 is a seven-transmembrane, RGS domain-containing protein that is a putative membrane receptor for d-glucose. Here we show, by using FRET, that d-glucose alters the interaction between the AtGPA1 and AtRGS1 in vivo. AtGPA1 is a unique heterotrimeric G protein alpha subunit that is constitutively GTP-bound given its high spontaneous nucleotide exchange coupled with slow GTP hydrolysis. Analysis of a point mutation in AtRGS1 that abrogates GTPase-accelerating activity demonstrates that the regulation of AtGPA1 GTP hydrolysis mediates sugar signal transduction during Arabidopsis development, in contrast to animals where nucleotide exchange is the limiting step in the heterotrimeric G protein nucleotide cycle.

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