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J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2007 Jul-Sep;7(3):268-72.

Risk factors and prevention of osteoporosis-related fractures.

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  • 1Laboratory for Research of the Musculoskeletal System Th Garofalides, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Greece.


In order to effectively prevent osteoporosis-related fractures, one must aim to prevent both osteoporosis, as well as the events and circumstances that may lead to injury, ultimately resulting in fracture. Among all the osteoporotic fractures that can occur, hip fractures are associated with a severe decrease in quality of life and high mortality, which reaches 51% at one year post-fracture in nonagenarians. Prevention of osteoporosis should ideally begin in childhood, aiming to achieve high peak bone mass accompanied by an inherently healthy lifestyle throughout life, in order to minimize bone loss during middle and third age, and in parallel to avoid or diminish other fracture risk factors. There are numerous fracture risk factors, including age, gender, race, lifestyle and concomitant medical conditions, which either cannot or can be modified, to a greater or lesser degree. Falls consist a previously underestimated risk factor, responsible for a large percentage of fractures. International and national strategies aimed at public awareness, early identification of those at increased risk for fracture and preventive or therapeutic intervention may succeed in subduing the currently increasing prevalence of osteoporotic fractures.

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