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Nat Rev Cancer. 2007 Nov;7(11):847-59.

The emerging roles of forkhead box (Fox) proteins in cancer.

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  • 1Cancer Research UK laboratories, Department of Oncology, MRC Cyclotron Building, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, UK.


Forkhead box (Fox) proteins are a superfamily of evolutionarily conserved transcriptional regulators, which control a wide spectrum of biological processes. As a consequence, a loss or gain of Fox function can alter cell fate and promote tumorigenesis as well as cancer progression. Here we discuss the evidence that the deregulation of Fox family transcription factors has a crucial role in the development and progression of cancer, and evaluate the emerging role of Fox proteins as direct and indirect targets for therapeutic intervention, as well as biomarkers for predicting and monitoring treatment responses.

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