Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
FASEB J. 2008 Mar;22(3):841-9. Epub 2007 Oct 15.

Phospholipase C-delta1 is an essential molecule downstream of Foxn1, the gene responsible for the nude mutation, in normal hair development.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Genome and Biosignal, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, 192-0392 Tokyo, Japan.


Nude mice exhibit athymia and hairlessness by a loss-of-function mutation in the transcription factor Foxn1 gene. Although the immunological functions of Foxn1 have been studied intensively, there have been relatively few studies of its functions in skin. Foxn1 regulates expression of hair keratins, which is essential for normal hair structure; however, how Foxn1 regulates hair keratin expression and hair formation is largely unknown. In the present study, we found that mice lacking phospholipase C (PLC)-delta1, a key molecule in the phosphoinositide signaling pathway, and nude mice show similar hair abnormalities, such as lack of cuticle and bending. We also found that expression of hair keratins was remarkably decreased in skin of PLC-delta1 knockout mice. Furthermore, expression of PLC-delta1 was induced in Foxn1-transfected U2OS cells. In addition, we showed that PLC-delta1 expression was remarkably decreased in skin of nude mice. In skin and keratinocytes of nude mice as well as PLC-delta1 KO mice, activation of PLC downstream effectors, such as PKC and nuclear factor of activated T cells, was impaired. These results indicate that PLC-delta1 is an essential molecule downstream of Foxn1 in normal hair formation, and strongly suggest that hairlessness in nude mice is caused by insufficient expression of PLC-delta1.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk