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Cell Growth Differ. 1991 Aug;2(8):391-9.

Regulated expression of Krox-24 and other serum-responsive genes during differentiation of P19 embryonal carcinoma cells.

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  • 1Institut du cancer de Montréal, Québec, Canada.


In order to identify genes that may play a role in the onset of the differentiation program elicited by retinoic acid, we analyzed, in P19 embryonal carcinoma cells, the expression of genes that are part of the early response of mouse fibroblasts to growth factor stimulation. In this paper, we show that a sequence-specific transcriptional activator, Krox-24, is rapidly induced, under conditions that promote differentiation of P19 cells. Expression of three other serum- and retinoic acid-stimulated genes (clones AC36, C1, and G39) was also studied. Induction of these genes occurs during the first 48 h of exposure of cells to retinoic acid, a period that precedes cell type determination. Our results suggest that different mechanisms regulate the expression of the Krox-24 gene in differentiating P19 cells. A labile repressor seems to be responsible for control of Krox-24 expression in P19 embryonal carcinoma cells. Inactivation of this repressor following retinoic acid treatment resulted in several peaks of activation of the Krox-24 gene, mediated by different mechanisms, some of which did not require de novo protein synthesis. In contrast, activation of AC36 required de novo protein synthesis, and that of C1 and G39 did not. The four genes are differentially expressed in several mouse tissues and during mouse embryonic development.

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