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Diabetes Care. 2008 Jan;31(1):105-7. Epub 2007 Oct 12.

Prevalence of depression among U.S. adults with diabetes: findings from the 2006 behavioral risk factor surveillance system.

Author information

  • 1Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA. cli@cdc.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the prevalence rate of depression among adults with diabetes using a large population-based sample in the U.S.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Data from the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a standardized telephone survey among U.S. adults aged >or=18 years, were analyzed (n = 18,814). The Patient Health Questionnaire diagnostic algorithm was used to identify major depression.

RESULTS:

The age-adjusted prevalence rate of major depression was 8.3% (95% CI 7.3-9.3), ranging from a low of 2.0% in Connecticut to a high of 28.8% in Alaska. There were 25-fold differences in the rate among racial/ethnic subgroups (lowest, 1.1% among Asians; highest, 27.8% among American Indians/Alaska Natives). People with type 2 diabetes who were currently using insulin had a higher rate than people with type 1 diabetes (P = 0.0009) and those with type 2 diabetes who were currently not using insulin (P = 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Major depression was highly prevalent among people with diabetes; the prevalence rate varied greatly by demographic characteristics and diabetes types.

PMID:
17934145
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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