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Toxicon. 2008 Jan;51(1):130-9. Epub 2007 Sep 2.

A comparative study of Florida strains of Cylindrospermopsis and Aphanizomenon for cylindrospermopsin production.

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  • 1Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, University of Florida, 7922 N.W. 71st Street, Gainesville, FL 32653, USA.

Erratum in

  • Toxicon. 2008 Sep 15;52(4):594-5.


The toxin cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is produced by a variety of cyanobacterial genera. One of these, Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, is generally assumed to be the source of CYN in lakes and rivers in Florida, USA. However, in this study, none of the eight Florida isolates of this species tested contained the genetic determinants involved in toxin production nor did they produce CYN. We show for the first time that Aphanizomenon ovalisporum isolated from a pond in this state has the genes putatively associated with CYN production. Analysis by liquid chromatography with mass spectrometric detection (LC/MS) revealed that it produced CYN in the range of 7.39-9.33 microg mg(-1) freeze-dried cells. 16S rDNA sequences of this strain showed 99.6% and 99.9% identity to published A. ovalisporum and Anabaena bergii 16S sequences, respectively. These results help to explain the general lack of a defined relationship between the abundance of C. raciborskii in freshwater ecosystems of Florida and observed concentrations of CYN. The latter observation raises the potential that previous reports of CYN may be coincidental with unrecorded presence of another CYN-producing species.

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