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Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2007 Oct;35(4):180-5.

Electrical stimulation as a modality to improve performance of the neuromuscular system.

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  • 1Department of Motor Sciences, University of Li├Ęge, Brussels, Belgium.


Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) can modify the order of motor unit recruitment and has a profound influence on the metabolic demand associated with producing a given muscle force. Because of these differences, interventions that combine NMES with voluntary contractions can provide beneficial outcomes for some individuals. The adaptations evoked by NMES are not confined to the activated muscle but also involve neural adaptations through reflex inputs to the spinal cord and supraspinal centers.

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