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Exp Cell Res. 2007 Nov 15;313(19):3983-99. Epub 2007 Sep 5.

Id-1 promotes TGF-beta1-induced cell motility through HSP27 activation and disassembly of adherens junction in prostate epithelial cells.

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  • 1Cancer Biology Group, Department of Anatomy, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Abstract

Id-1 (inhibitor of differentiation or DNA binding-1) has been positively associated with cell proliferation, cell cycle progression, and invasiveness during tumorigenesis. In addition, Id-1 has been shown to modulate cellular sensitivity to TGF-beta1 (transforming growth factor beta1). Here we demonstrate a novel role of Id-1 in promoting TGF-beta1-induced cell motility in a non-malignant prostate epithelial cell line, NPTX. We found that Id-1 promoted F-actin stress fiber formation in response to TGF-beta1, which was associated with increased cell-substrate adhesion and cell migration in NPTX cells. In addition, this positive effect of Id-1 on TGF-beta1-induced cell motility was mediated through activation of MEK-ERK signaling pathway and subsequent phosphorylation of HSP27 (heat shock protein 27). Furthermore, Id-1 disrupted the adherens junction complex in TGF-beta1-treated cells through down-regulation of E-cadherin, redistribution of beta-catenin, along with up-regulation of N-cadherin. These lines of evidence reveal a novel tumorigenic role of Id-1 through reorganization of actin cytoskeleton and disassembly of cell-cell adhesion in response to TGF-beta1 in human prostate epithelial cells, and suggest that intracellular Id-1 levels might be a determining factor for switching TGF-beta1 from a growth inhibitor to a tumor promoter during prostate carcinogenesis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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