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Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2008;32(3):454-65. Epub 2007 Sep 1.

Deficits in facial affect recognition among antisocial populations: a meta-analysis.

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  • 1National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. marsha@mail.nih.gov

Abstract

Individuals with disorders marked by antisocial behavior frequently show deficits in recognizing displays of facial affect. Antisociality may be associated with specific deficits in identifying fearful expressions, which would implicate dysfunction in neural structures that subserve fearful expression processing. A meta-analysis of 20 studies was conducted to assess: (a) if antisocial populations show any consistent deficits in recognizing six emotional expressions; (b) beyond any generalized impairment, whether specific fear recognition deficits are apparent; and (c) if deficits in fear recognition are a function of task difficulty. Results show a robust link between antisocial behavior and specific deficits in recognizing fearful expressions. This impairment cannot be attributed solely to task difficulty. These results suggest dysfunction among antisocial individuals in specified neural substrates, namely the amygdala, involved in processing fearful facial affect.

PMID:
17915324
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2255599
Free PMC Article
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