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Am J Community Psychol. 2007 Dec;40(3-4):301-12.

Work barriers in the context of pathways to the employment of welfare-to-work clients.

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  • 1Wayne State University, 4756 Cass Avenue, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. shawna1@wayne.edu

Abstract

The ability of welfare-to-work clients to leave the welfare rolls and stay in the labor force is often limited by the work barriers they face. Using a sample of 1,404 female welfare-to-work clients we first examined the structure of work barriers and then tested their contribution to current work status in the context of a structural equation model that incorporated other central pathways to employment. Whereas work barriers included diverse factors ranging from lack of transportation to low quality jobs, they were shown to constitute a uni-dimensional construct. Furthermore, work barriers had a net adverse effect on employment outcomes, controlling for job search self-efficacy and employment intention. We conclude with discussion of implications for the development of welfare-to-work programs and interventions that target low-income women.

PMID:
17909961
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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