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Curr Alzheimer Res. 2007 Sep;4(4):423-6.

The gamma/epsilon-secretase-derived APP intracellular domain fragments regulate p53.

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  • 1Institut de Pharmacologie MolĂ©culaire et Cellulaire, UMR6097CNRS/UNSA, Valbonne 06560, France. checler@ipmc.cnrs.fr


Amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta), which plays a central role in Alzheimer Disease, is generated by presenilin-dependent and presenilin-independent gamma-secretase cleavages of beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP). We report that the presenilins (PS1 and PS2) also regulate p53-associated cell death. Thus, we established that PS deficiency, catalytically inactive PS mutants, gamma-secretase inhibitors and betaAPP or APLP2 depletion reduced the expression and activity of p53, and lowered the transactivation of its promoter and mRNA levels. p53 expression was also reduced in the brains or betaAPP-deficient mice or in brains where both PS had been invalidated by double conditional knock out. AICDC59 and AICDC50, the gamma- and epsilon-secretase-derived C-terminal fragments of betaAPP, respectively, trigger the activation of caspase-3, p53-dependent cell death, and increase p53 activity and mRNA. Finally, HEK293 cells expressing PS1 harboring familial AD (FAD) mutations or FAD-affected brains, all display enhanced p53 activity and p53 expression. Our studies demonstrate that AICDs control p53 at a transcriptional level, in vitro and in vivo and unravel a still unknown function for presenilins.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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