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J Am Coll Surg. 2007 Oct;205(4):602-7.

Completion thyroidectomy versus total thyroidectomy: is there a difference in complication rates? An analysis of 350 patients.

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  • 1University of Toronto, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Wharton Head and Neck Program, University Health Network, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study compared our experience with completion thyroidectomy (CT) and total thyroidectomy (TT) in the management of well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC). We compared complication rates and analyzed the implications of the intraoperative management of the parathyroid glands.

STUDY DESIGN:

We performed a retrospective cohort study comparing outcomes between patients undergoing CT and TT between January 1994 and December 2004. All patients had surgery for either suspected or confirmed WDTC on fine-needle aspiration.

RESULTS:

There were 201 CTs and 149 TTs. Mean hospital stays were 4.5 and 3.5 days for the CT and TT groups, respectively (p=0.001). Temporary recurrent laryngeal nerve paresis occurred in 2.0% (4 of 201) and 3.3% (5 of 149) of patients in the CT and TT groups, respectively. There was one (0.5%) case of permanent recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis in the CT group. Permanent hypoparathyroidism rates were 2.5% and 3.3% in the CT and TT groups, respectively. There was no difference between the two groups in terms of total numbers of parathyroid glands autotransplanted (p=0.63) or present in the specimen (p=0.26).

CONCLUSIONS:

Completion thyroidectomy is a safe and appropriate option in the management of select cases of WDTC in which a definitive preoperative or intraoperative diagnosis is not available. But it requires a longer hospitalization, so it has implications for both hospital resources and the patients involved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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