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South Med J. 2007 Sep;100(9):867-72.

Religiosity, spirituality, and tobacco use by pregnant women.

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  • 1University of South Carolina School of Medicine, USA.



Tobacco use during pregnancy is associated with adverse child outcomes. There is evidence that religiosity/spirituality is associated with less tobacco use. This study aims to investigate the association further, including an assessment of overall religiousness and specific aspects of religiosity/spirituality.


404 pregnant women receiving prenatal care in three southern obstetrics practices were surveyed regarding religiosity/ spirituality, other psychosocial characteristics, and recent tobacco.


Recent tobacco use was reported by 8% of study participants. In multivariable modeling, black race (OR = 0.32), social support (OR = 0.92), and overall religiousness (OR = 0.57) were significantly associated with lower odds of reporting recent tobacco use. Participation in organized religious activities and self-rated religiosity were the religious/spiritual measures most strongly associated with lower odds of tobacco use.


More religious/spiritual women appear to be less likely to use tobacco during pregnancy. Additional research is needed to investigate potential pathways for this association.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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