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Altern Ther Health Med. 2007 Sep-Oct;13(5):36-8.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction is associated with improved glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a pilot study.

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  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Psychological distress is linked with impaired glycemic control among diabetics.

OBJECTIVE:

Estimate changes in glycemic control, weight, blood pressure, and stress-related psychological symptoms in patients with type 2 diabetes participating in a standard Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program.

DESIGN:

Prospective, observational study.

SETTING:

Academic health center.

PATIENTS:

Adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

INTERVENTIONS:

Participation in MBSR program for heterogeneous patient population. Diet and exercise regimens held constant.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HA1c), blood pressure, body weight, and Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (anxiety, depression, somatization, and general psychological distress scores).

RESULTS:

Eleven of 14 patients completed the intervention. At 1 month follow-up, HA1c was reduced by 0.48% (P = .03), and mean arterial pressure was reduced by 6 mmHg (P = .009). Body weight did not change. A decrease in measures of depression, anxiety, and general psychological distress was observed.

PMID:
17900040
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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