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J Biol Chem. 2007 Nov 30;282(48):34693-9. Epub 2007 Sep 25.

Prostaglandin E2 activates HPK1 kinase activity via a PKA-dependent pathway.

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  • 1New York University School of Medicine, New York University Cancer Institute, New York, New York 10016-6402, USA.


Hematopoietic progenitor kinase 1 (HPK1) is a hematopoietic cell-restricted member of the Ste20 serine/threonine kinase super family. We recently reported that the immunosuppressive eicosanoid, prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), is capable of activating HPK1 in T cells. In this report, we demonstrate that unlike the TCR-induced activation of HPK1 kinase activity, the induction of HPK1 catalytic activity by PGE(2) does not require the presence of phosphotyrosine-based signaling molecules such as Lck, ZAP-70, SLP-76, and Lat. Nor does the PGE(2)-induced HPK1 activation require the intermolecular interaction between its proline-rich regions and the SH3 domain-containing adaptor proteins, as required by the signaling from the TCR to HPK1. Instead, our study reveals that PGE(2) signal to HPK1 via a 3' -5 '-cyclic adenosine monophosphate-regulated, PKA-dependent pathway. Consistent with this observation, changing the serine 171 residue that forms the optimal PKA phosphorylation site within the "activation loop" of HPK1 to alanine completely prevents this mutant from responding to PGE(2)-generated stimulation signals. Moreover, the inability of HPK1 to respond to PGE(2) stimulation in PKA-deficient S49 cells further supports the importance of PKA in this signaling pathway. We speculate that this unique signaling pathway enables PGE(2) signals to engage a proven negative regulator of TCR signal transduction pathway and uses it to inhibit T cell activation.

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