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Semin Arthritis Rheum. 1991 Dec;21(3):156-69.

Computer-assisted diagnosis of rheumatic disorders.

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  • 1Department of Rheumatology, Jan van Breemen Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


A review of the literature regarding computer-assisted diagnosis of rheumatic diseases is presented. After a general outline of the history and goals of computer programs intended to support physicians in the diagnostic process, 14 systems or projects are described. The scope of seven of these is general internal medicine, and the other seven are intended exclusively for rheumatic problems. The majority of these systems are prototypes. To date, none of them is widely used by physicians. Preliminary evaluation studies and/or independent reviews have been reported for all of the systems. The need for further evaluation studies is recognized, and strategies to carry these out are outlined. Furthermore, the potential usefulness for patient care and education is discussed. It is concluded that a new and interesting field is being developed that deserves more attention among rheumatologists.

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