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Radiology. 2007 Oct;245(1):95-102.

Prediction of left ventricular remodeling and analysis of infarct resorption in patients with reperfused myocardial infarcts by using contrast-enhanced MR imaging.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. lund@roentgeninstitut.de

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To prospectively evaluate the accuracy of clinical and cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging parameters for predicting left ventricular (LV) remodeling by using follow-up imaging as reference standard, and to prospectively evaluate infarct resorption in patients with reperfused first myocardial infarcts.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The study was approved by the institutional ethics committee and all patients gave written informed consent. In 55 patients (48 men, seven women; mean age+/-standard deviation, 56 years+/-13), contrast material-enhanced and cine MR imaging were performed 5 days+/-3 and 8 months+/-3 after myocardial infarction (MI). Microvascular obstruction (MO) and infarct size were estimated at first-pass enhancement (FPE) and delayed enhancement (DE) MR, respectively. Remodeling was defined as an increase in LV end-diastolic volume index of 20% or higher at follow-up. Differences in continuous and categorical data were analyzed by using Student t test and Fischer exact test as appropriate.

RESULTS:

Patients with remodeling (n=13, 24%) had higher creatine kinase MB (P<.05), more anterior infarcts (P<.05), more often a reduced Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow (P<.05), larger infarct size at DE MR (P<.001), a greater extent of MO at FPE MR (P<.01), lower ejection fraction (P<.001) and higher LV end-systolic volume index (P<.01). Infarct size at DE MR was a powerful predictor for remodeling (odds ratio: 1.18, P<.001), demonstrating that the risk for remodeling increased 2.8-fold with each 10% increase in infarct size. Infarct size of 24% or more of LV area predicted remodeling with high sensitivity (92%), specificity (93%), and accuracy (93%). Infarct resorption was larger in patients with remodeling (P<.01).

CONCLUSION:

Infarct size 24% or more of the LV area constitutes an important threshold to predict remodeling. Patients with remodeling develop disproportionate infarct resorption.

Copyright (c) RSNA, 2007.

PMID:
17885184
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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