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Cancer Invest. 2007 Sep;25(6):445-8.

Docetaxel, capecitabine and carboplatin in metastatic esophagogastric cancer: a phase II study.

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  • 1The Brown University Oncology Group, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

A Phase I investigation of docetaxel, carboplatin, and capecitabine at our institution demonstrated the safety and tolerability of this regimen in patients with metastatic esophagogastric cancer. The objectives of this Phase II study were to determine the response rate, toxicity, and survival for patients with metastatic esophagogastric cancer treated with this regimen.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Chemotherapy naïve patients with metastatic esophageal or gastric cancer received a regimen comprised of docetaxel 40 mg/m(2), days 1 and 8, carboplatin AUC = 2, Days 1 and 8, and capecitabine 2000 mg/m(2), Days 1-10 in 21-Day cycles. Patients were treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

RESULTS:

Twenty-five patients were treated with a median of 4 cycles of chemotherapy. Twelve of 25 patients (48 percent) had a Grade 3/4 toxicity. There were no Grade 4 nonhematologic toxicities, and 1 patient (4 percent) had neutropenic fever. There were 3 complete responses, and 9 partial responses, for an overall response rate of 48 percent. The median survival was 8 months (95% confidence interval, 5.5-13 months), and the 1-year survival was 36 percent.

CONCLUSIONS:

Weekly docetaxel and carboplatin with capecitabine was an easily administered outpatient regimen. The response rate and 1-year survival were similar to more complex regimens. Future trials may investigate the substitution of carboplatin with more active agents.

PMID:
17882656
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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