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World J Gastroenterol. 2007 Oct 28;13(40):5295-8.

Colonic gas explosion during therapeutic colonoscopy with electrocautery.

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  • 1Hepatogastroenterology Unit, 2nd Propedeutic Internal Medicine Department, "ATTIKON" General Hospital, Rimini 1, Athens 12462, Greece. sdladas@otenet.gr


Therapeutic colonoscopy with electrocautery is widely used around the world. Adequate colonic cleansing is considered a crucial factor for the safety of this procedure. Colonic gas explosion, although rare, is one of the most frightening iatrogenic complications during colonoscopy with electrocautery. This complication is the result of an accumulation of colonic gases to explosive concentrations, but may be prevented by meticulous bowel preparation. The purpose of this review is to discuss the indications and the types of bowel preparations for therapeutic colonoscopy, and to contribute recommendations for the adequate bowel preparation for colonoscopy with electrocautery.

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