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J Adolesc Health. 2007 Oct;41(4):333-42. Epub 2007 Jul 12.

The Strong African American Families program: longitudinal pathways to sexual risk reduction.

Author information

  • 1Center for Family Research, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.

Erratum in

  • J Adolesc Health. 2007 Dec;41(6):620. Gibbons, Meg [corrected to Gerrard, Meg].

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To identify the mechanisms by which intervention-induced increases in adaptive parenting were associated with a reduction in sexual risk behavior among rural African American adolescents across a 29-month period.

METHODS:

African American families (N = 284) with 11-year-old children in nine rural Georgian counties participated in the 7-week Strong African American Families (SAAF) project. Counties were randomly assigned to intervention or control conditions. The program was evaluated via pretest, posttest, and long-term follow-up interview data collected in the families' homes. The current paper tests a hypothetical model of program efficacy, positing that intervention-induced changes in parenting behaviors would enhance in youth self-pride, which in turn would forecast changes in sexual behaviors measured 29 months after pretest.

RESULTS:

Compared with controls, parents who participated in SAAF reported increased adaptive universal and racially specific parenting. Furthermore, intervention-induced changes in these parenting behaviors were associated indirectly with sexual risk behavior through adolescent self-pride, peer orientation, and sexual intent.

CONCLUSIONS:

Culturally competent programs, developed through empirical and theoretical research within affected communities, can foster adaptive universal and racially specific parenting, which can have a long-term effect on adolescent sexual risk behavior. Effective strategies for designing and implementing culturally competent programs are discussed.

Comment in

PMID:
17875458
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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