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Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho. 2007 Aug;110(8):586-91.

[Olfactory disturbance screening with the odor stick identification test (OSIT-J) in executive checkups].

[Article in Japanese]

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  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa.

Abstract

The odor stick identification test for Japanese (OSIT-J) has been shown to be useful for detecting and evaluating olfactory disturbances in Japanese people. We studied the usefulness of OSIT-J in screening for olfactory disturbances in 83 Japanese participants (49 male, 34 female) participating in an executive checkup at NTT West Kanazawa Hospital in Japan. The olfactory ability was self-reported on a grade scale. Olfactory function was then evaluated with a three-odors OSIT-J (rose, curry and sweaty socks). Participants with low self-reported olfactory ability or less-than-full scores in the three-odor test were evaluated with an additional 10 odors of OSIT-J. Eight or less points are considered to be lower than average in the 13-odor test of OSIT-J (Saito S, et al.). Eleven of the 83 participants had low self-reported olfactory ability. Four participants with a full score in the three odors test with low self-reported olfactory ability scored more than eight points in the 13-odor test. Thirty-eight participants scored less than three points in the three-odor test. Seven of 29 participants with two points in the three-odor test scored eight or less in the 13-odor test. In the 29 participants, subjects with low self-reported olfactory ability scored significantly lower scores than those without a low self-reported olfactory ability in the 13-odor test. The self-reported olfactory ability was not related to the score in the 13-odor test in the nine participants with one point or less in the three-odor test. Males scored significantly lower scores than females in the three-odor test. However, gender was not significantly related to the rate of olfactory disability estimated based on the 13-odor test. Use of a three-odor OSIT-J along with a self-administered questionnaire pertaining to olfactory disability is useful for olfactory disturbance screening during executive health checkups.

PMID:
17874540
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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